World War I Teaching Resources

On this page you will find lists of people, places, and dates to include in lessons about World War I.

People to Remember

Woodrow Wilson (1856 - 1924)  The 28th President of the United States who led the United States in World War I and helped form the League of Nations

General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing (1860 - 1948) General in the United States Army who led the American forces during World War I

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (1863 - 1914) Heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne whose assassination in Sarajevo marked the beginning of World War I

David Lloyd George (1863 - 1945) - Prime minister of Great Britain during World War I

Lawrence of Arabia (Thomas Edward Lawrence) (1888 - 1935) British soldier who
organized the Arab revolt against the Turks during World War I

Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859 - 1941) Emperor of Germany and King of Prussia during
World War I

Czar Nicholas II (1868 - 1918) The last tsar of Russia who was executed (along with his family) by the Bolsheviks

Vladimir Lenin (1870 - 1924) Founder of the Bolsheviks and the leader of the Russian
Revolution

Eddie Rickenbacker (1890 - 1973) Highest-scoring American fighter ace in World War I

Alvin C. York (1887 - 1964) American soldier in World War I who received the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest

Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron" (1892 - 1918) German fighter pilot who is
considered the top ace of World War I

 

Places and Terms to Know

The Lusitania - A British transatlantic liner that was sunk by a German U-boat on May 7th, 1915, killing 1198 people, including 128 Americans

The Great War - World War I (1914-1918)

Triple Alliance - Pre-WWI alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

Triple Entente - Pre-WWI alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia

Central Powers of World War I - The nations of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey

Allied Powers - The countries of Great Britain, France, Russia, Belgium, Italy, and
the United States

Isolationism - Foreign policy approach taken by the United States during the initial years
of World War I

Trench Warfare - The type of combat used in World War I in which the opposing troops
fought from trenches that were facing each other

Western Front - The Battleground in France and Belgium where the German and the Allies fought in trenches during World War I

No Man's Land - The strip of land between the trenches of the opposing German and
Allied forces during World War I

World War I Military Hospital

Conscripts - Soldiers who were drafted into service

Infantry - Foot soldiers of an army

Doughboy - An informal name for an American infantryman in World War I

Tommy - An informal name for a private in the British army

Shell shock - Mental distress and exhaustion caused by the stress of prolonged engagement in warfare

Howitzer - A short cannon capable of firing shells high into the air

Maxim gun - The first automatic machine gun

Vickers gun - A British machine gun

U-Boat - A German submarine

Ace - A fighter pilot who shot down at least five enemy planes

Dogfight - A battle fought in the air between fighting aircraft

Reconnaissance - Observation to gather information about the position and movement
of enemy forces

Periscopes - Tube containing mirrors or prisms that allowed soldiers to see over the top
ot their trenches.

"Over the top" - Charging out of the trench, often into enemy fire

Paris peace conference after World War I on May 27, 1919

Spanish Flu - An influenza pandemic that lasted from 1918 to 1920 and killed millions of people worldwide

Armistice - An agreement between opposing armies to stop fighting in order to discuss
peace terms

Armistice Day - The anniversary of the end of World War I on November 11, 1919

Treaty of Versailles (1919) - The peace treaty that officially ended World War I

Bolshevik Revolution - Seizure of power by the Bolsheviks under Lenin in November 1917

Wilson's Fourteen Points - President Wilson's plan for a peace negotiation after World War I

The League of Nations - Organization that was created after World War I to help nations
settle disputes peacefully

 

Dates to Remember for World War I

June 28,1914 -Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia

April 6, 1917 - United States declares war on Germany

November 11, 1918 - Armistice Day: fighting stops at 11 A.M.

June 28,1919 - Treaty of Versailles: Peace treaty is signed by German delegates and Allies in Versailles

 

Other Resource for Teaching about World War I

NeoK12 has a page about World War I that contains matching games, videos, maps, and quizzes.

Eyewitness to History has a page about America's involvement in World War I.

MrDonn.org has lessons and links for learning about World War I.

Firstworldwar.com is a multimedia history of World War I.

Coloring page of American Soldiers of World War I by Education.com

Jimmie's Collage has resources for a lapbook or notebook about World War I.

ActivityVillage.co.uk has printable Remembrance Day poems, including "In Flanders Fields" by Dr John McCrae.

 

 

 

Resources for Teaching about World War I

 

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