Here are lists of people, places, and dates to include in a unit study about the Roman Empire.
Romulus and Remus - Legendary founders of Rome
Hannibal (c.248 BC– c.183 BC) - Carthaginian general who led his army across the Alps to invade Italy
Scipio Africanus (235 BC - 183 BC)- Roman general who led his army to Carthage and defeated Hannibal
Cato the Elder (234–149 BC) -Roman senator who insisted that Carthage was still a threat to Rome even in its weakened state after the second Punic war and should be totally destroyed.
Spartacus (died 71 BC) - Gladiator from Thrace who led a slave revolt in Italy
Pompey (106 BC - 48 BC) - Roman general who was part of the First Triumvirate with Crassus and Julius Caesar. He later fought against Julius Caesar in a civil war.
Julius Caesar (100 BC - 44 BC) -Politician and general of the Roman Republic who extended the Roman Empire and became dictator of Rome
Marc Anthony (83 BC – 30 BC) - Roman general and politician who was a co-ruler of Rome after the death of Julius Caesar. He joined forces with Cleopatra, whom he married, but was defeated at the Battle of Actium by Octavian.
Cleopatra (69 BC - 30 BC) Queen of Egypt who had Julius Caesar's child, and married Marc Anthony
Marcus Brutus (85 BC - 42 BC) - Roman leader who helped murder Julius Caesar
Virgil (70 BC - 19 BC) - Roman poet who was the author of the Aeneid
Caesar Augustus (63 BC - 14 AD) - First emperor of Rome
Claudius - Roman emperor from 41 AD to 54 AD who conquered Britain
Nero (37AD - 68 AD) Roman emperor between 54 - 68 AD. who was obsessed with power and persecuted Christians. He is believed to have set fire to Rome.
Josephus (37 AD - c. 100 AD) - Jewish general and historian who led a revolt against Roman rule in Judea, but later became a citizen of Rome
Vespasian Flavius ( 9 AD to 79 AD) Roman emperor after Nero who ordered the building of many public buildings, including the Colosseum.
Hadrian (76 AD - 138 AD) - Roman emperor from 117 to 138 AD who ordered a 73-mile-long wall built in Britain to mark the northern boundary of the Roman empire and to protect the Britons from barbarian invasion
Diocletian (c.244 AD - 311 AD)- Roman emperor from 284 to 305 AD who divided the Roman empire into two parts
Constantine (272 - 337 AD) - Emperor of Rome who moved his capital from Rome to Constantinople and made Christianity a legal religion in the Roman Empire
Augustine of Hippo (354-430) Biship of Hippo Regius in North Africa who wrote Confessions and The City of God and who taught that people are saved only through God's grace
Attila the Hun (406–453 AD) - King of the Huns; a barbarian tribe that invaded the Roman Empire
Tiber River - River which flows through the city of Rome
Etruscans - People who lived in the northern part of Italy before the Romans
Carthage -Ancient powerful trading city on the north African coast which was founded by the Phoenicians and destroyed and rebuilt by the Romans.
Punic Wars - Three wars fought between Carthage and the Roman Republic over trade in the Mediterranean.
Gaul - The Roman name for the area that is now France, Belgium, and Luxembourg
Rubicon - Shallow river in northeastern Italy
"Crossing the Rubicon" - a phrase that means "past the point of no return", referring to when Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 B.C.
Roman Republic - Ancient Rome between 509 BC until 27 BC, between the time when the Romans drove the Etruscan king, Tarquin, from power and when Augustus became the first Roman emperor.
Battle of Actium - Battle in 31 BC in the Ionian Sea in which Octavian's fleet defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra
Colosseum - Amphitheater in Rome which was built between 75 - 80 A.D.
Gladiators - Slaves or captives in ancient Rome who fought to the death to entertain the public
Patrician - Roman citizen from the priviledged upper class
Plebeian - Roman citizens who were not Patricians
Tribune - A representative elected by plebeians
Pantheon - A temple with a domed roof built for all the gods of Ancient Rome
Pax Romana - A latin phrase which means "Roman Peace"
Forum -The public space or marketplace in the middle of a Roman city
Atrium The open area in the center of a Roman house
Fresco - A wall painting done on wet plaster
Mosaic - A picture created by putting together small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials
Toga - A loose outer garment that was worn by Romans
Aqueduct - A large structure built to carry water from one place to another
Circus Maximus - Huge racing arena in Rome where chariot races were held
Mount Vesuvius - A volcano in southern Italy which erupted in 79 A.D. and completely buried the city of Pompeii in volcanic ash
Pompeii - A city in southwestern Italy which was buried in volcanic ash when Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 A.D.
Hadrian's Wall - A wall built across northern Britain to keep out warring tribes
Byzantine Empire - The eastern Roman Empire
Constantinople - The city which Constantine built and established as the new capital of Rome
c.753 B.C -Rome founded
509 B.C. - Roman Republic founded
73 B.C. - Spartacus leads slaves in a revolt
44 B.C. - Julius Caesar is murdered
27 B.C. - Caesar Augustus becomes first Roman Emperor: Beginning of the Roman Empire
c. 33 A.D - Jesus is crucified in Jerusalem
43 A.D. - Britain is conquered by the Romans
64 A.D. - Great fire in Rome, Persecution of Christians begins
79 A.D - Mount Vesuvius erupts and destroys Pompeii and Herculaneum
80 A.D. - Colosseium opens in Rome
312 A.D. - Constantine allows Christian worship in the Roman Empire
476 A.D. - End of the Western Roman Empire
"Veni, vidi, vici." ("I came, I saw, I conquered.") - Julius Caesar
"Delenda est Carthago." ("Carthage must be destroyed.") - Cato the Elder
Mrdowling.com has a great website that includes lessons about Ancient Rome.
knowtheromans.co.uk - This website contains information about many different areas of Roman life and beliefs. The site also has online quizzes and links to videos.
Mrdonn.org has online games, activities, links to video clips, and lessons about Ancient Rome.
BBC has a page called Primary History: Rome. It has activities, a glossary, a timeline and links to videos about Rome.
Here is a link to vocabulary words and flashcards for Beric the Briton, by G. A. Henty
Flashcards for Roman Numerals: