Here are lists of people, places, and dates to include in a unit study about Ancient Greece. This page also has other teaching resources such as a printable crossword puzzle for Greek gods and goddesses, a matching game for Greek heroes, and a link to Quizlet flashcards for the Greek alphabet.
King Minos - Legendary ruler of ancient Crete
Pythagoras (c. 570 – c.490 B.C.) Philosopher and mathematician from the island of Samos
Aeschylus (525 – 456 B.C.) Greek playwright who wrote "The Persians"
Sophocles (496 – 406 B.C.) Greek playwright who wrote "Odipus rex"
Leonidas ( died 480 BC) Spartan king who died defending Greece from the Persians at the Battle of Thermopylae
Pericles (493 – 429 B.C.) Athenian politician and reformer who oversaw the building of the Parthenon
Herodotus (c.484 BC – c. 425 BC ) A great historian known as the "Father of History" who lived during the Golden Age of Greece
Euripedes (480 – 407 B.C.) Greek playwright, banished for his politically controversial play, "The Trojan Women"
Socrates (469 – 399 B.C.) Greek philosopher whose style of teaching involved asking questions until his students arrived at their own answers
Plato (429 – 347 B.C.) Philosopher, author of The Republic
Aristotle (384 – 322 B.C.) Philosopher, author of Politics
Alexander the Great (356 - 323 BC) King of Macedonia who conquered Greece, Persia, and Egypt
Euclid (c.325 – c.270 B.C.) Mathematician, author of the Elements
Archimedes (c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC) Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, and inventor
Athens - The capital of Greece
Acropolis - A hilltop fortress
Parthenon - A temple in Athens that was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena
Agora - An open market place in ancient Greece
Sparta - powerful city-state in ancient Greece that often at war with Athens
Lacedaemon - Alternative name for Sparta
Ephor -A member of the Spartan ruling council
Helot - A Spartan slave
Laconia - The plain in which Sparta was located
Amphitheater - A Greek outdoor theater
Capital - The top of a column
City-State - An independent state made up of a city and its surrounding territory
Delian League - An alliance of Greek city-states against Persia, led by Athens
Hellenistic Age - The period after the conquests and death of Alexander the Great
Battle of Marathon - Battle in 490 BC between the citizens of Athens and the Persians which stopped the Persians from conquering Greece
Battle of Thermopylae - Battle in 480 BC in which the Persian army, led by Xerxes, defeated a courageous Spartan army which was led by King Leonidas
Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) War fought for supremacy in Greece in which Athens was defeated by Sparta
490 B.C. - The Battle of Marathon
480 B.C. - The Battle of Thermopylae
431 – 404 B.C. - The Pelopennesian War
"Our love of what is beautiful does not lead to extravagance; our love of the things of the mind does not make us soft." - Pericles, funeral oration, 430 B.C., reported by Thucydides in Histories
"Greetings, we win." - Philippides, 490 B.C., dying words after running to Athens after the victory at Marathon
"If I enter Lacedaemon, I shall raze it." - Philip II, sent to Sparta
"If" - The Spartan ephors (ruling council), in response to Philip II's threat
"Man is by nature a political animal." - Aristotle, in Politics
"Probable impossibilities are to be preferred to improbable possibilities." Aristotle, in Poetics
"There are many wonderful things, and nothing is more wonderful than man." - Sophocles, in "Antigone"
"The unexamined life is not worth living" - Socrates, quoted by Plato in Apology
"Man is the measure" - Protagoras (.490 – c.420 B.C.)
The Last Days of Socrates was produced by the Philosophy Dept. of Clarke College, and contains the annotated texts of Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and the death scene from the Phaedo.
Mrdonn.org has lessons and links for Ancient Greece