Teaching Resources for Ancient Greece

Here are lists of people, places, and dates to include in a unit study about Ancient Greece. This page also has other teaching resources such as a printable crossword puzzle for Greek gods and goddesses, a matching game for Greek heroes, and a link to Quizlet flashcards for the Greek alphabet.

People to Remember from Ancient Greece

King Minos - Legendary ruler of ancient Crete

Pythagoras (c. 570 – c.490 B.C.) Philosopher and mathematician from the island of Samos

Aeschylus (525 – 456 B.C.) Greek playwright who wrote "The Persians"

Sophocles (496 – 406 B.C.) Greek playwright who wrote "Odipus rex"

Leonidas ( died 480 BC) Spartan king who died defending Greece from the Persians at the Battle of Thermopylae

Pericles (493 – 429 B.C.) Athenian politician and reformer who oversaw the building of the Parthenon

Herodotus (c.484 BC – c. 425 BC ) A great historian known as the "Father of History" who lived during the Golden Age of Greece

Euripedes (480 – 407 B.C.) Greek playwright, banished for his politically controversial play, "The Trojan Women"

Socrates (469 – 399 B.C.) Greek philosopher whose style of teaching involved asking questions until his students arrived at their own answers

Plato (429 – 347 B.C.) Philosopher, author of The Republic

Aristotle (384 – 322 B.C.) Philosopher, author of Politics

Alexander the Great (356 - 323 BC) King of Macedonia who conquered Greece, Persia, and Egypt

Euclid (c.325 – c.270 B.C.) Mathematician, author of the Elements

Archimedes (c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC) Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, and inventor


Places and Terms to Know about Ancient Greece

Athens - The capital of Greece

Acropolis - A hilltop fortress

Parthenon - A temple in Athens that was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena

Agora - An open market place in ancient Greece

Sparta - powerful city-state in ancient Greece that often at war with Athens

Lacedaemon - Alternative name for Sparta

Ephor -A member of the Spartan ruling council

Helot - A Spartan slave

Laconia - The plain in which Sparta was located

Amphitheater - A Greek outdoor theater

Capital - The top of a column

City-State - An independent state made up of a city and its surrounding territory

Delian League - An alliance of Greek city-states against Persia, led by Athens

Hellenistic Age - The period after the conquests and death of Alexander the Great

Battle of Marathon - Battle in 490 BC between the citizens of Athens and the Persians which stopped the Persians from conquering Greece

Battle of Thermopylae - Battle in 480 BC in which the Persian army, led by Xerxes, defeated a courageous Spartan army which was led by King Leonidas

Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) War fought for supremacy in Greece in which Athens was defeated by Sparta


Dates to Remember for Greek History

490 B.C. - The Battle of Marathon

480 B.C. - The Battle of Thermopylae

431 – 404 B.C. - The Pelopennesian War


Quotes to Remember

"Our love of what is beautiful does not lead to extravagance; our love of the things of the mind does not make us soft." - Pericles, funeral oration, 430 B.C., reported by Thucydides in Histories

"Greetings, we win." - Philippides, 490 B.C., dying words after running to Athens after the victory at Marathon

"If I enter Lacedaemon, I shall raze it." - Philip II, sent to Sparta

"If" - The Spartan ephors (ruling council), in response to Philip II's threat

"Man is by nature a political animal." - Aristotle, in Politics

"Probable impossibilities are to be preferred to improbable possibilities." Aristotle, in Poetics

"There are many wonderful things, and nothing is more wonderful than man." - Sophocles, in "Antigone"

"The unexamined life is not worth living" - Socrates, quoted by Plato in Apology

"Man is the measure" - Protagoras (.490 – c.420 B.C.)

Other Teaching Resources for Ancient Greece

The Last Days of Socrates was produced by the Philosophy Dept. of Clarke College, and contains the annotated texts of Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and the death scene from the Phaedo.

Mrdonn.org has lessons and links for Ancient Greece

Crossword puzzle for gods and goddesses of Ancient Greece

Printable matching game for Heroes of Ancient Greece

Quizlet flashcards for Greek gods and goddesses

Quizlet flashcards for the Greek Alphabet